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Vacuum Furnace Systems, controls and Manufacturing
Vacuum Brazing and Vacuum Heat Treating Services
Thermal Spray Coating services, Plasma and High Velocity Oxy-fuel (HVOF) Spray Coatings and Inorganic Paint and Pack Coatings
Vacuum Furnace Technology column by Dan Herring, Metallography column by George Vander Voort, Vacuum Brazing column by Dan Kay, Vacuum Pump column by Howard Tring and other Educational Resources

Worldwide Suppliers of Advanced Vacuum Furnace Systems & Controls.

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VAC AERO designs and builds vacuum furnace systems and controls with the highest quality standards that will fulfill any of your specialized processing needs. From small horizontal units to large vertical models VAC AERO vacuum furnaces are ideal for a broad range of vacuum processing applications such as hardening, tempering, stress relieving, brazing, normalizing, annealing, and sintering of metals, specialty alloys, and engineered materials. VAC AERO vacuum furnaces operate worldwide in diverse applications in aerospace, power generation, medical, nuclear, tool & die, research and other high-tech industries. VAC AERO’s Furnace Manufacturing division is part of the VAC AERO International Group of Companies in business since 1959. VAC AERO also offers a wide range of vacuum heat treating and coating services and operates seven plants in Ontario and Quebec, Canada and in Kalisz and Rzeszow Poland.

VAC AERO News, Education & Training

vacuum-heat-treatVAC AERO’s Furnace Control System is Versatile and Operator-Friendly!

VAC AERO uses the Honeywell HC900 Hybrid controller to regulate machine functions and thermal cycles. The HC900 is integrated with Honeywell Experion Vista software to provide Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) using a large color touch screen LCD for operator interface. VAC AERO’s programmable, logic based control system is comprised of proven hardware components, suitably hardened for an "industrial shop" environment and optimized to cover all normal operating and alarm conditions. Process information is accessible by operators and across a company’s network for process engineers, allowing control and monitoring for higher productivity, reduced costs and increased quality. For more information on VAC AERO Furnace Controls Systems CLICK HERE.

Vacuum Technology with "The Heat Treat Doctor"

vacuum-furnaceMaintenance of Vacuum Furnaces - Part One

Knowledge of vapor pressure and rates of evaporation of various materials is valuable information for those operating vacuum furnaces, whether we are heat treating or brazing at high temperature and low vacuum levels or dealing with outgassing at very low temperatures and pressures. When we think about a solid or liquid in a sealed vessel, we find that, even at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, there are molecules that leave the surface and go into the gaseous phase. The gas phase thus formed is called a vapor. The process of forming a vapor is known as evaporation and the rate of evaporation is determined by the temperature of the substance involved. In time, some of the evaporated molecules will, in all likelihood in the course of random movement, strike and stick to the surface of the vessel.

Vacuum Brazing with Dan Kay

vacuum furnaces800°F, 840°F, 450°C -- Which temperature defines brazing?

Over the years, several different temperatures have been used to define the concept of brazing. When the American Welding Society (AWS) published its first Brazing manual back in 1955, brazing was officially defined using 800F as the liquidus temperature of a brazing filler metal (BFM), above which temperature a joining process using that BFM would be defined as “brazing” (see Fig. 1). If the liquidus temperature of the filler metal was lower than 800°F, a joining process using such a filler metal would be called “soldering”. First of all then, let’s define what we mean by the “liquidus” temperature of a BFM. When any BFM is heated, it will reach a temperature at which it will start to melt. Below that temperature the BFM will remain solid, but once it crosses that temperature it will start to melt.

Metallography with George Vander Voort

vacuum furnaceDifficulties Using Standard Chart Methods for Rating Non-Metallic Inclusions

Over the years, ASTM Committee E-4 on Metallography has conducted interlaboratory test programs to evaluate the precision and bias associated with measurements of microstructure using proposed and existing test methods. ASTM decided in the late 1970s that all test methods that generated numerical data must have a precision and bias section defining the repeatability and reproducibility of the method. Defining bias associated with a test method is difficult unless there is an absolute known value for the quantity being measured and this is not possible when microstructural features are being measured. This paper shows the results for an interlaboratory test using Method A, “worst field” ratings of inclusions in steels by ASTM E-45.

Vacuum Pump Practice with Howard Tring

vacuum-furnacesInlet Filters for Mechanical Vacuum Pumps

This article discusses inlet filters that are used on oil sealed mechanical medium vacuum pumps such as rotary vane and rotary piston pumps typically used on vacuum furnaces and, for smaller pumps used for many laboratory and light industrial applications. One of the downsides of any trap is that it will eventually require servicing. Many vacuum system operators prefer not to use traps for that reason. If the correct traps are used and maintenance is planned, the downtime and service costs can be kept in line. Inlet filters for small mechanical vacuum pumps; there are four types of inlet filters used on vacuum pumps used in laboratories and in light industrial applications: Foreline traps, Catchpots, Dust traps and Vapor traps.

Front and Bottom Loading Vacuum Furnaces

vacuum heat treating furnacesVAC AERO offers complete turnkey services, including planning, designing, building and installation of vacuum furnace systems and controls. VAC AERO’s experience, proven through decades of service in commercial heat treating, has provided us with valuable insight into the changing needs and rigorous demands of our furnace customers. As a result, VAC AERO has developed a keen understanding of the design and performance of vacuum furnace systems built to meet the most stringent requirements for reliability. VAC AERO’s vacuum furnace design innovations are thoroughly tested in our own heat treating facilities before being offered to our customers. That means better quality, reliability and efficiency to maximize uptime and productivity. Horizontal vacuum models provide great flexibility for general heat treating and brazing applications and Vertical bottom-loading models are ideal for processing large circular and/or long parts.

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